Biology is the most crucial subject in Class 11th and 12th for students interested in pursuing a career in medicine. This post will focus on items to remember while preparing, as well as provide some insight into the scope of biology in biotechnological fields, as well as genetics and pharmacology.
In CBSE, the biology paper is worth 70 points (theoretical), and the weightage of the separate chapters is as follows. Reproduction (14 – 20%), Genetics and Evolution (18 – 25%), Biology and Human Welfare (14 – 20%), Biotechnology and its Applications (10 – 15%), and Ecology and the Environment (14 – 20%).AIPMT asks 90 questions in Biology (Botany + Zoology), with each question worth 4 points.
Diagrams and notes
In a conceptually dependent subject like Biology, taking notes throughout the teaching process would be extremely beneficial.It not only aids the process of memorising the terms while writing, but it also aids the student’s last-minute preparation tactics. This course is heavy on theory, thus drawing diagrams and basing the preparation structure on them can help students maintain their interest. Drawing diagrams on a regular basis can help you draw neatly. A question may have a complex theoretical response, but it can be simplified to a simple explanatory answer by drawing the relevant diagrams (for example, DNA structure, cell biology, and so on).
Chapters such as Genetics and Biotechnology must be thoroughly grasped in order to be easily understood. They go hand in hand and should therefore be prepared jointly. The 14-mark chapters (reproduction, environment, and human wellbeing) are large and contain a lot of complex subtopics, therefore they should be prepared first.
Do not attempt to cram the material, as this will cause you to miss critical exam points. Instead, prepare consistently for at least 2 to 3 weeks before the exam. Participate in the class because some of the topics can be brought out clearly with teacher clarification. It is also a good idea to compare notes and ask questions among friends, as ideas that are shared lead to new ideas.
Breaks for Productivity
Of course, if you know your attention may wander, it is best to take a rest in between topics. During these pauses, attempt to recall what you’ve learned and/or practise diagrams to be resourcefully productive.
Alumni advise making “flashcards” for recalling concepts and naming sections in diagrams. It is preferable to take notes in class in the form of points/bullets because the order of responses earns you more points. It is critical to review the course at least three times before taking a test. Use mnemonics for long biological names. Break the names up in a way that will help you remember them.
Papers from the previous year
It is a good idea to sit down and write the previous year’s test and sample papers with a timer set to simulate exam day. This will aid in the creation of time management awareness and will aid in the relief of tension produced by the availability of less time in answering theoretical long response type questions.
Important topics to be revised
It is suggested to the students of Class 12 that they revise the entire syllabus of the Class 12 Board exam, which is really significant. Along with that, they have to give proper additional attention to the topics that have more weightage. Revising important topics, solving previous years’ question papers, and sample papers would not only ensure good practice, but also make the students familiar with the exam scenario.
Management of Time
The most crucial thing about Class 12 Biology is to have a proper schedule for every topic and to learn and practise the topics thoroughly. If a student values the time for preparation of the Class 12 Biology exam, he or she would give importance primarily to managing time during the exam as well. It is suggested that if a student planned in advance, it would not only keep them organised but also chuck off the pressure from their minds.
Finish the easy chapters
The students are suggested to finish the chapters in which they find ease, because it would help boost their confidence and they can surely get good marks in the topics. After that, they can go for the chapters which they find difficult. It might take time, but they will get results.
Read the NCERT books thoroughly.
Students should read NCERT books on a regular basis because it will introduce them to a variety of questions. NCERT BOOKS FOR CLASS 12 BIOLOGY aid in the clarification of concepts for students, allowing them to better prepare for entrance exams.
Examine your practical skills.
If you pay attention during the lab lessons, you can easily achieve 30 points on the practical exam. Even though you will be allocated lab partners, it is critical to gain direct experience because the final examination will only be given in this manner.
Engineering students who want to pursue a career in biotechnology can also study biology. Cell Biology, Microbiology, Immunology, Genomics, and other courses in Biotechnology have their roots in class 11 and class 12 Biology. The majority of biotech students have gone on to work in the research sectors at various universities and institutes. They receive substantial funding from both government and commercial entities in India and overseas. Biotech jobs can also be found in the pharmaceutical industry, medical coding, and drug testing labs. As a result, the engineering part of biology is a viable alternative for students to consider.
If a student prepares with the suggested tips, he or she will definitely be successful in the Class 12 Biology exam as well as entrance exams for medicals, genetics, pharmacology, biotechnology, etc.